His name in Hebrew is: עשו ‘Êsâv (ay-sawv’) Strongs #: 6215; sense of handling; rough
(i.e. sensibly felt). His name in Greek: Ήσαυ Ēsau (ay-sŏw’) Strongs #: 2269.
Edom in Hebrew is: אדם ‘Edôm (ed-ome) Strongs #: 123; red.
Isaac, Esau’s father was 60 when Esau was born. Therefore, Esau lived to the age
of 65 when his first born son Eliphaz was born. After his birth, Esau lived to the
age of 147.
Before Esau was born, he had sibling rivalries with his brother Jacob in his mother’s
Upon Esau’s birth, his younger twin brother had a hold of Esau’s heel. Esau was
born hairy as if he was covered all over with a red garment. Medically, Esau was
known to have hypertrichosis or the Werewolf Syndrome. (2)
Just before the death of Abraham in Jubilees 19:15 - 23, Abraham saw the deeds of
Esau and he knew that something needed to be done so he instructed Esau’s mother
Rebekah to make sure that Jacob gets the blessing since he saw that Rebekah had a
love for Jacob whereas Isaac loved Esau.
Esau was a designing and deceitful man (3) and an expert hunter (4). With all his
times in the fields he chose to not learn how to write whereas Jacob (who dwelt in
tents) learned the art. (5)
Nimrod had formed a jealousy against teenaged Esau, since the two were expert hunters,
so Nimrod did his best to observe Esau. (6). On a certain day when Esau went out
to hunt, he happened across Nimrod with two of his mighty men who were walking about
in the cool of the day. Meanwhile, Esau stalked the three men, and when the time
was right, Esau sprang from his hiding place and cut off the head of Nimrod. The
other two men that were with Nimrod fought a desperate fight with Esau, but in the
end they were also killed. (7)
The screams and shouts of the fighting men did not go unheard since the rest of Nimrod’s
mighty men heard the distant shouts of their two comrades and they came to the spot
where they heard the shouts. (8)
When Esau saw the mighty men coming towards him at a distance, he fled only after
taking the valuable garments from off the body of Nimrod. The only place Esau could
flee to was his father’s house, and when he got there he was wearied and exhausted
from the fight (and possibly from the flight) and was ready to die through fatigue
when he came across Jacob. (9)
Seeing Jacob boiling some red potage, he asked Jacob for some of the legume soup,
in which Jacob responded: “Sell me your birthright.” (10)
“I am going to die anyway, so what profit will my birthright benefit me?” was Esau’s
response. (11) Then, he sold his birthright, and his portion of the cave of Machpelah.
Jacob wrote this down in a book, had it testified with witnesses and then sealed
it. (12) Therefore, Esau despised his birthright and sold it for something to satisfy
his stomach. (13) This act was regretted years later.
Since Esau sold his birthright he was called Edom. (14)
At the age of 18, Esau refused to go with his brother for schooling from Shem and
Eber, so he stayed home and continued hunting. (15)
In his travels about the country while hunting, he came to the land of Seir, where
he spent sixteen months hunting there. While in Seir, he met with a Canaanite woman,
Judith whom he soon married at the age of 40. After the marriage he brought her
to his father’s house in Hebron. (16)
However, Judith (and later Esau second wife, Bashemath) was a grief of mind to Esau’s
During Jacob’s 32 years of absence from home, Esau would bring venison from the fields
to his father, Isaac, and Isaac loved him for it. (17)
When Esau was 63, blind Isaac wished to bless Esau since Isaac loved him very much,
so Esau was sent out to hunt some venison, at which Esau was more than happy to do.
It is not said how long it took Esau to get his deer, but when he finally got one
he had to gut, skin, and butcher the animal and prepare the dish in the way Isaac
would enjoy. With Esau knowing that he will be getting the blessing, he probably
made the tastiest dish he could.
Since Esau “lost” his birthright 48 years prior, he knew that he would be getting
back at his brother, Jacob, because the blessing would be more important than the
The last two paragraphs are not referenced to Genesis or Jasher; it is the thought
of using imagination of how Esau would have felt while hunting his deer for the blessing.
The only difference between the birthright and the blessing is that the birthright
established who was firstborn, and what the firstborn inherited. The blessing would
insure greatness, power, and revenge against his brother.
Genesis 27:30 says Jacob was scarcely out of his father’s presence when Esau returned,
so if Esau saw Jacob leaving, Esau was possibly curious and suspicious to why Jacob
would be wearing his jacket.
Esau entered his father’s tent suggesting to his father to arise and eat, to which
Isaac responded, “Who art thou? (19) And who was he that brought venison already
whom I did bless?” (20)
Esau became furious knowing that it was his younger brother who stole the blessing,
but he demanded from his father a blessing as well at which Isaac replied that he
had already given it to Jacob in his subtlety. (21) By this time Esau is crying
out a great and bitter wail for the loss of the blessing. “Bless me as well, father,”
came his weeping demand, but Isaac could not remove the blessing from the one he
had blessed, so he gave Esau a “blessing” that he would dwell off the fatness of
the earth and the dew of heaven, but he would serve his younger brother, but in time
Esau shall take dominion and brake the yoke off his neck. (22)
After Jacob obtained the blessing, he was fearful of his life so he left home for
fourteen years since Esau also accused Jacob for stealing his birthright which was
a false statement. (23)
After Jacob’s departure, Esau was still vexed at Jacob stealing the blessing, but
he was also vexed at his parents so he departed from Canaan and dwelt in the land
of Seir for six months. In Seir he met with Bosemath and married her, but he called
When the six months were up he returned to his father’s house in Hebron, but the
wives of Esau vexed and provoked Isaac and Rebekah, since the wives served the god’s
of their own parents. (24)
When Esau was 65, his wife Adah bare his Eliphaz. (25)
By the time Esau was 77, he had forgotten about what Jacob had done to him, but when
he saw Jacob coming to his parents’ house, he plotted a way to kill his brother.
“My father is old,” he plotted aloud, “and his time to die is near at hand, and when
he is dead, I will kill Jacob.” Of course, he didn’t know that Isaac would continue
to live for another 43 years.
This saying was told to Rebekah possibly by a servant, so Rebekah had to tell Jacob
to flee for his life again. (26)
Jacob was only able to have a short visit with his parents and then he was on the
run again, and when Esau heard of Jacob’s sudden departure, he sent his 13-year-old
son Eliphaz after Jacob so that he would kill him. (27) However, Eliphaz only robbed
Jacob of his money and returned home without slaying Jacob. Of course, Esau was
furious at his son for not doing as he commanded. (28)
When Esau saw that his father had blessed Jacob yet again, and that Isaac had commanded
Jacob to not take a wife from the daughters of Heth, Esau went and married Ishmael’s
daughter Mahalath. Esau also saw that his first wives were a grief of mind to his
parents hence the reason of marrying Ishmael’s daughter, possibly to get on the good
side of his parents. (29)
At the age of 82, Esau’s first wife Judith died, so he went into the land of Seir
with his family and married Ahlibamah at the age of 83. (30)
During this time there was a quarrel between Esau’s herdsmen and the herdsmen of
the Canaanites because Esau’s cattle were too abundant for the land to support them.
Therefore, Esau had to return back to Seir from Canaan when he saw that the quarreling
At age 97, messengers of Laban came to Esau complaining of the foul play Jacob had
performed unto Laban. The messengers told Esau to do unto Jacob to what he desired.
Esau was greatly angered toward his brother from the lies of Laban, so Esau gathered
sixty men from his household and then assembled all the children of Seir adding an
additional 340 men to war against Jacob with great speed. (33)
Soon Esau had messengers from Jacob as if Jacob knew of Esau’s planned attack. (34)
The messengers from Jacob told Esau the truth about Laban, but Esau (in his pride
and hatred) wouldn’t listen to the other messengers and continued to believe in the
lies of Laban, and threatened to continue with his plan to war with his brother.
The following day after Esau sent off Jacob’s messengers, an army of two thousand
men with cavalry and with many different types of war instruments appeared to Esau
and his army. This heavily horsed army was divided into four camps.
This army had to arrive at the same time that Esau went into pursuit of Jacob.
One of the camps of the great army ran toward Esau, which terrified Esau so greatly
that he fell off his horse. As for Esau’s army, they scattered in fear from the
As Esau and his army fled, the warlike men shouted after Esau, admitting to Esau
that they were servants to Jacob, who also is a servant of Yahvah. (36)
Esau thought that Jacob was in league with the army, but after a short conversation
the 500 men vanished from their sight. Therefore, Esau continued with his army in
pursuit of Jacob but they only got a few miles down the road when the second camp
performed the same acts that the first camp did previously causing Esau to fall again
from his horse. Then the host disappeared like unto the first.
The third camp also frightened Esau’s men making Esau fall from his horse, and after
this happened Esau came to an understanding that he wasn’t to harm his brother so
he became fearful of his younger brother and decided to go to him in peace although
he still hated him. (37)
The following morning, Esau finally met with his brother Jacob after not seeing him
for twenty years, but Esau was still fearful of his brother because of what happened
the day before. Soon, Esau’s anger against Jacob was turned to kindness and Esau
welcomed his brother with open arms.
Jacob presented a gift to Esau of 240 from his flock, 30 camels and asses and fifty
cattle, (38) but Esau refused until Jacob insisted. Jacob also gave Esau gold, silver
and bdellium. (39)
Being now on friendly terms with Jacob, Esau suggested to Jacob that he would remain
with Jacob while they traveled, but Jacob kindly refused because he would have to
travel rather slowly. Esau also asked for Jacob to dwell with him, at which Jacob
refused. Esau wanted to please his brother in the worse way but Jacob wanted Esau
to leave, and Esau was told to return to Seir. (40)
After the death of his father Isaac when Esau was 120, Esau was left a choice from
Jacob that is Esau should choose Isaac’s land, and then Jacob would take the riches,
but if Esau took the riches, then Jacob would take the land.
Esau didn’t know what to do, so he consulted with his brother-in-law Nebayoth on
what to do, and from his suggestion Esau took all of his father’s riches and the
land as well with all his father’s cattle, and left nothing for Jacob. (41)
It is not said on how Esau fared with The Famine that struck Canaan, since the Bible
and Jasher do not mention Esau, but since the whole known world was affected with
this famine, it could be possible that Esau could have sent his sons into Egypt to
buy corn, so they could survive.
Since Jacob moved to Egypt with his sons during The Famine, Esau never saw his brother
At the age of 147, Esau apparently received word that his younger brother had died
and that Jacob’s sons intended to burry their father in Canaan, so Esau came with
his great household to morn and weep over Jacob. However, when Jacob’s sons came
to the Cave Machpelah, Esau and his sons wouldn’t allow Jacob’s sons to enter saying
that the cave belonged to Esau and his descendants.
This of course angered Jacob’s sons, since they knew that Jacob had bought the cave
from Esau and had the papers to prove it. (42)
While one of Jacob’s sons was gone to fetch the documents in Egypt, Esau increased
his resistance to the rest of Jacob’s children, and the result came to blows. (43)
Hushim, the son of Dan, son of Jacob saw the heated discussion, but being a deaf
mute he couldn’t understand why Jacob wasn’t being buried. When it was told to him
(possibly through early sign language), Hushim ran at Esau with a sword and beheaded
his great-uncle, which ended the battle . . . for a while. (44)
More About Esau:
Burial: 1646 BC in Edom
Cause of Death: Beheaded.